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Low DPP4 expression and activity in multiple sclerosis

Marta Tejera-Alhambra, Armanda Casrouge, Clara de Andrés, Rocío Ramos-Medina, Bárbara Alonso, Janet Vega, Matthew L. Albert, Silvia Sánchez-Ramón

​Clinical Immunology Volume 150, Issue 2, February 2014, Pages 170–183

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a prototypic Th1/Th17 chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4 or CD26) is a multifunctional molecule involved in autoimmune diseases' pathophysiology. We sought to integrate disparate pieces of data and analyze the plasma levels of sDPP4, DPP activity and DPP4 surface expression on T-cells in 129 MS patients with different clinical forms and 53 healthy controls, across two independent cohorts. Herein, we provide new evidence that sDPP4 concentration and DPP activity are significantly lower in MS patients than controls (p < 0.0001 and p < 0.01, respectively). In contrast, the frequency of circulating CD8+DPP4hi T-cells (p = 0.02) was increased in MS patients. This is the first study that simultaneously analyzes DPP4 expression and function in a large cohort of MS patients. Our data indicate a putative role for DPP4 in MS pathophysiology and suggest that a deeper understanding of surface versus shed DPP4 biology is warranted.

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About the Editors

  • Prof Timothy Vartanian

    Timothy Vartanian, Professor at the Brain and Mind Research Institute and the Department of Neurology, Weill Cornell Medical College, Cornell...
  • Dr Claire S. Riley

    Claire S. Riley, MD is an assistant attending neurologist and assistant professor of neurology in the Neurological Institute, Columbia University,...
  • Dr Rebecca Farber

    Rebecca Farber, MD is an attending neurologist and assistant professor of neurology at the Neurological Institute, Columbia University, in New...

This online Resource Centre has been made possible by a donation from EMD Serono, Inc., a business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany.

Note that EMD Serono, Inc., has no editorial control or influence over the content of this Resource Centre. The Resource Centre and all content therein are subject to an independent editorial review.

The Grant for Multiple Sclerosis Innovation
supports promising translational research projects by academic researchers to improve understanding of multiple sclerosis (MS) for the ultimate benefit of patients.  For full information and application details, please click here

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Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, September 2015, Vol 4 Issue 5